Texas Punishment Ranges

Texas Punishment Ranges

Texas Punishment Ranges for Misdemeanors & Felonies

PENAL CODE

TITLE 3. PUNISHMENTS

CHAPTER 12. PUNISHMENTS

SUBCHAPTER A. GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 12.02.  CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES.  Offenses are designated as felonies or misdemeanors.

  

Sec. 12.03.  CLASSIFICATION OF MISDEMEANORS.  (a)  Misdemeanors are classified according to the relative seriousness of the offense into three categories:

(1)  Class A misdemeanors;

(2)  Class B misdemeanors;

(3)  Class C misdemeanors.

(b)  An offense designated a misdemeanor in this code without specification as to punishment or category is a Class C misdemeanor.

(c)  Conviction of a Class C misdemeanor does not impose any legal disability or disadvantage.

Sec. 12.04.  CLASSIFICATION OF FELONIES.  (a)  Felonies are classified according to the relative seriousness of the offense into five categories:

(1)  capital felonies;

(2)  felonies of the first degree;

(3)  felonies of the second degree;

(4)  felonies of the third degree;  and

(5)  state jail felonies.

(b)  An offense designated a felony in this code without specification as to category is a state jail felony.

SUBCHAPTER B. ORDINARY MISDEMEANOR PUNISHMENTS

Sec. 12.21.  CLASS A MISDEMEANOR.  An individual adjudged guilty of a Class A misdemeanor shall be punished by:

(1)  a fine not to exceed $4,000;

(2)  confinement in jail for a term not to exceed one year;  or

(3)  both such fine and confinement.

Sec. 12.22.  CLASS B MISDEMEANOR.  An individual adjudged guilty of a Class B misdemeanor shall be punished by:

(1)  a fine not to exceed $2,000;

(2)  confinement in jail for a term not to exceed 180 days;  or

(3)  both such fine and confinement.

Sec. 12.23.  CLASS C MISDEMEANOR.  An individual adjudged guilty of a Class C misdemeanor shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $500.

SUBCHAPTER C. ORDINARY FELONY PUNISHMENTS

Sec. 12.31.  CAPITAL FELONY.  (a)  An individual adjudged guilty of a capital felony in a case in which the state seeks the death penalty shall be punished by imprisonment in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice for life without parole or by death.  An individual adjudged guilty of a capital felony in a case in which the state does not seek the death penalty shall be punished by imprisonment in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice for:

(1)  life, if the individual committed the offense when younger than 18 years of age; or

(2)  life without parole, if the individual committed the offense when 18 years of age or older.

(b)  In a capital felony trial in which the state seeks the death penalty, prospective jurors shall be informed that a sentence of life imprisonment without parole or death is mandatory on conviction of a capital felony.  In a capital felony trial in which the state does not seek the death penalty, prospective jurors shall be informed that the state is not seeking the death penalty and that:

(1)  a sentence of life imprisonment is mandatory on conviction of the capital felony, if the individual committed the offense when younger than 18 years of age; or

(2)  a sentence of life imprisonment without parole is mandatory on conviction of the capital felony, if the individual committed the offense when 18 years of age or older.

Sec. 12.32.  FIRST DEGREE FELONY PUNISHMENT.  (a)  An individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the first degree shall be punished by imprisonment in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice for life or for any term of not more than 99 years or less than 5 years.

(b)  In addition to imprisonment, an individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the first degree may be punished by a fine not to exceed $10,000.

Sec. 12.33.  SECOND DEGREE FELONY PUNISHMENT.  (a)  An individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the second degree shall be punished by imprisonment in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice for any term of not more than 20 years or less than 2 years.

(b)  In addition to imprisonment, an individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the second degree may be punished by a fine not to exceed $10,000.

Sec. 12.34.  THIRD DEGREE FELONY PUNISHMENT.  (a)  An individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the third degree shall be punished by imprisonment in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice for any term of not more than 10 years or less than 2 years.

(b)  In addition to imprisonment, an individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the third degree may be punished by a fine not to exceed $10,000.

Sec. 12.35.  STATE JAIL FELONY PUNISHMENT.  (a)  Except as provided by Subsection (c), an individual adjudged guilty of a state jail felony shall be punished by confinement in a state jail for any term of not more than two years or less than 180 days.

(b)  In addition to confinement, an individual adjudged guilty of a state jail felony may be punished by a fine not to exceed $10,000.

Text of subsection effective until January 01, 2017

(c)  An individual adjudged guilty of a state jail felony shall be punished for a third degree felony if it is shown on the trial of the offense that:

(1)  a deadly weapon as defined by Section 1.07 was used or exhibited during the commission of the offense or during immediate flight following the commission of the offense, and that the individual used or exhibited the deadly weapon or was a party to the offense and knew that a deadly weapon would be used or exhibited; or

(2)  the individual has previously been finally convicted of any felony:

(A)  under Section 20A.03 or 21.02 or listed in Section 3g(a)(1), Article 42.12, Code of Criminal Procedure; or

(B)  for which the judgment contains an affirmative finding under Section 3g(a)(2), Article 42.12, Code of Criminal Procedure.

Text of subsection effective on January 01, 2017

(c)  An individual adjudged guilty of a state jail felony shall be punished for a third degree felony if it is shown on the trial of the offense that:

(1)  a deadly weapon as defined by Section 1.07 was used or exhibited during the commission of the offense or during immediate flight following the commission of the offense, and that the individual used or exhibited the deadly weapon or was a party to the offense and knew that a deadly weapon would be used or exhibited; or

(2)  the individual has previously been finally convicted of any felony:

(A)  under Section 20A.03 or 21.02 or listed in Article 42A.054(a), Code of Criminal Procedure; or

(B)  for which the judgment contains an affirmative finding under Article 42A.054(c) or (d), Code of Criminal Procedure.

Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 593 (H.B. 8), Sec. 3.48, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 122 (H.B. 3000), Sec. 13, eff. September 1, 2011.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 770 (H.B. 2299), Sec. 2.81, eff. January 1, 2017.

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NOTE: This information is not legal advice. It is provided for educational use only. If you need legal advice regarding a criminal offense in the State of Texas, please contact Smith & Vinson Law Firm at 512-368-9044.